Benthic bacteria as compared to the seafloor animals could be the most critical organism that consumes organic waste that floats down the ocean floor.
An approximated 10 percent of carbon dioxide is being consumed by the bacteria that are living in more than 4000 meters below the surface of the Pacific Ocean.
These bacteria popularly known as benthic bacteria are somehow consuming large amounts of carbon dioxide while assimilating it to their biomass through an unknown process.
This biomass will then potential become a source of food for other animals that are found deep in the sea. The researchers say that the benthic bacteria could be the most important organism on the sea floor of the ocean.
The team further analyzed sediment samples that were taken from an are in the eastern Pacific oceans between Hawaii and Mexico.
According to the research, bacteria in that region of the sea dominated the consumption of organic waste. In a short period of one or two days and when their results were scaled it equated to about 200 million tons of carbon dioxide that could be fixed into the biomass annually hence making the area a potentially important carbon cycle fixture in the deep-sea.
The region between Hawaii and Mexico has been discovered to be home to more than just the sponges of the deep sea and the octopods as well as the shrimps and the sea anemones.
The clay-like muddy bottom is usually topped with so many trillions of polymetallic nodules that are potato-sized that contain the deposits of nickel, manganese, copper cobalt as well as other minerals; it’s an area that is rich in minerals according to the reports.
Hence the authors conclude that their findings may have recommendations for mineral extraction in the region.
However, if the mining process proceeds t mat interfere and disturb the seafloor environment, therefore, another research as to be carried out to determine the implications that mining could have on the seafloor before even considering mining the region.